Luzhniki Stadium is the largest football stadium in Russia. It has been hosting sports competitions and concerts for over 60 years. The closing of the 1980 Olympic Games, the opening ceremony and the final match of the 2018 World Cup took place here.
Address is Moscow, Luzhniki Street 24, Building 1.
The easiest way to get there is by metro. Exit should be at the stops of “Vorobyovy Gory” or “Sportivnaya”.
On December 23, 1954, the Government of the USSR decided to build a "large Moscow stadium" in Luzhniki. Design began in January 1955. The construction of Luzhniki Stadium was completed in record time - 450 days. The official opening took place on July 31, 1956. Initially, the stadium, along with the entire sports complex, bore the name of Lenin.
1980 year. Luzhniki Stadium has become the main arena for 1980 Olympic Games. The Olympic bear flew away right from here.
On June 24, 1990, the last concert of the legendary Russian band “Kino” took place at the stadium. The total number of viewers exceeded 72,000 people.
1996 - 1997 years. Luzhniki Stadium was reconstructed with the construction of a roof.
On May 12, 1999, the UEFA Cup was played at the stadium. This match was the first final match of the European club tournament held in Russia.
May 21, 2008 was the first UEFA Champions League final between “Chelsea” and “Manchester United” in Russia.
On November 11, 2017, the stadium was opened after another reconstruction.
In 2018,Luzhniki Stadium hosted seven matches of the World Cup, including the first and final matches of the championship.
There are a heating, drainage and watering systems under the lawn. 35 km of pipes were laid in the field. The football field of Luzhniki Stadium can withstand even tropical rain and at the same time remain suitable for the game. The heating system provides a lawn temperature of +15 degrees Celsius even in severe frost.
The size of the field at Luzhniki is 111 meters by 74 meters. 410 kg of seeds of frost-resistant grass were brought from Denmark to sow this area. And to keep the lawn in shape, it was stitched with synthetic threads.
After the reconstruction, Luzhniki Stadium became completely football - the racetracks around the field were removed. As a rule the stadium seats in the corner stands are the most uncomfortable. At the renovated Luzhniki Stadium, it is achieved that a good view is opened from every place. The main reason for a good view is a sharper tilt of the stands.
Noteworthy the unusual coloring of the strands is pixel. Designers used this method, thanks to which the appearance of filled stands is created, even when there is no full house on the match.
During the reconstruction, the interior of the stadium was also changed. It is designed in calm colors. Fans can watch the matches even from the restaurant and lounge areas of the stadium.
During the last reconstruction of Luzhniki, it was decided to preserve the facades of the building. Now the stadium looks both a modern and a historical building. In addition, the stadium is decorated with figures of Olympians in the form of holes knocked out in metal.
The roof of the stadium is not just a transparent visor. After reconstruction, it presents a media screen. It can be broadcasted the result of the match, which takes place at the stadium, and it will be most convenient to monitor the progress of the game from the observation deck of Vorobyovy Gory.
After the reconstruction, a special route for visitors was equipped on the roof at an altitude of 50 meters above the playing field. This route is safe, as a special safety system is used - an adapted analogue of insurance for climbers.
As part of a tour of Luzhniki, you can visit the unique places of the stadium that are closed to visitors during matches. You can go into the team’s locker rooms, walk around the football field, and sit on the bench.
Here you can see several monuments in honor of the legendary Soviet football players - Eduard Streltsov, Nikolai Starostin and Lev Yashin, as well as see the Olympic flame Cup and a monument to the Olympic Bear.