Cathedral of Christ the Savior holds up to 10 thousand people.Today it is actually the main temple of Russia.Here Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia worships, bishops' councils and other church forums are in sessions.
Address: Volkhonka Street, 15. The nearest metro station "Kropotkinskaya".
Opening hours daily from 10.00 to 17.00, Mondays from 13.00 to 17.00.
Excursions to the Cathedral, to the museum and to the observation deck are not carried out individually; prior reservation is required in the travel company.
The Cathedral of Moscow Diocese and the entire Russian Orthodox Church - Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow was built as a temple-monument dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812.
The idea of building a temple in honor of Russia's victory over Napoleon’s army belonged to Army General Mikhail Kikin and was transferred to the Russian Emperor Alexander I. At the end of 1812, Alexander I issued a manifesto on the creation of the temple.
Initially, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was planned to be erected on the Sparrow Hills. The author of this project, Konstantin Vitberg, won the competition against forty eminent applicants, among whom were Giacomo Quarenghi and Vasily Stasov. For the sake of creating the temple, Witberg even accepted Orthodoxy.
Construction on the Sparrow Hills went from 1817 to 1825. But later it was discontinued for several reasons - due to inappropriate unsafe soils, as well as due to the revealed financial and organizational problems.
However, in 1839, under Emperor Nicholas I, Cathedral of Christ the Savior on Volkhonka was founded. The emperor independently appointed Konstantin Ton as an architect.
In plan, the temple had the shape of an equilateral cross. The basis of his style was Byzantine. The height of the temple from the base to the cross was 103.5 meters. The walls whose thickness reached 3.2 meters, were laid out of brick and partially white stone. Facing was made of Italian marble of different grades.
The interior of the temple was lit by 60 windows. Over the course of 23 years, a large group of artists worked on the picturesque design of the temple, among which were the famous painters Semiradsky, Surikov, Makovsky.
The temple was built for almost 44 years. On June 7 (May 26 according to the old style) in 1883, a solemn consecration of the temple took place, coinciding with the day of the coronation of Emperor Alexander III.
Coronations, popular holidays and anniversaries were solemnly celebrated in the church: the 500th anniversary of the death of St. Sergius of Radonezh, the 100th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812, the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
In August 1917, in Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the opening of the Local Council took place, where after a 200-year break Patriarch Tikhon was elected, now ranked by the Russian Orthodox Church as a saint.
In 1922-1923, the temple was captured by the Renovationists, and in 1931 it was closed. The temple was destroyed in 1939 in order to build in its place the grandiose building of the socialist era - the Palace of Soviets.
However, the plans were interrupted by war. Later, the foundation was used to create an outdoor swimming pool. In 1960, the "Moskva" pool appeared on the site of the cathedral, which lasted until 1994.
In September 1994, the Moscow government decided to recreate Cathedral of Christ the Savior in its previous architectural forms. On January 7, 1995, on the feast of the Nativity of Christ, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II together with the mayor of the capital Yuri Luzhkov laid a commemorative capsule in the base of the church.
The temple was built in less than six years. The first construction work began on September 29, 1994.On Easter 1996, the first Easter Vespers was performed under the arches of the temple. In 2000, all internal and external finishing work was completed.